• The rose occupies an important place in all the flowers due to its utilities. The rose plant is usually 4-6 feet in height. The stem has uneven thorns. 5 leaves of rose are mixed. The pink flower is found in plenty in color. Rose fruit is oval. Its stem is thorny, the leaves are alternately encircled. The edges of the leaves are jagged. The fruit is like a fleshy berry called 'Rose Hip'. The inflorescence of the rose is corymbose, peniculate or solitary.
• Rose is an Indian flower. Rose plants are found all over India. The scientific name of the rose is Rosa hybrida. The native rose is red in color. But many colors of roses are grown by cutting. A rose is a flower that is well known. The more beautiful the rose flower is in appearance. It has more medicinal properties than that. It is the oldest fragrant flower, which was grown by humans. It has a variety of beautiful flowers which are considered to be an important flower due to its attractive, shape, different shapes, colors that captivate the mind and its various utilities.
• The yield of the rose depends on the fertility of the land and the care of the crop and the species. The qualities of the flowers are to blossom, blossom, spread fragrance, give beauty and give peace to your beholder. The rose has a special place in this beautiful world of flowers as it is considered a symbol of beauty, fragrance and happiness. That is why it has been called 'Flower Emperor' and 'Gule-Aap', that is, the beauty of flowers. Due to its breathtaking aroma, beauty, variety of colors, every nature lover wants to adopt it.
• Roses are grown everywhere in India. In gardens, gardens, fields, parks, government and private buildings, even roses and flower pots are enjoyed and enjoyed. Roses bloom all over North India, especially in Rajasthan and Bihar and Madhya Pradesh from January to April. There is a lot of rose cultivation in South India, especially in Bangalore and also in Maharashtra and Gujarat.
• Sufficient sunlight is a necessary condition for growing the rose in the pot in the window, in the kitchen floor, in the kitchen garden bed. The rose must have at least six to eight hours of open sunlight a day. Adequate soil soil is good for rose plants. Very smooth soil is not suitable for this. Soil drainage and ventilation should be smooth. Light moisture should remain in the soil.
• Roses are liked all over the world. Extensive R&D work has been done on this. Internationally, rose lovers are organizations that develop, identify, standardize, and develop new varieties. According to this, based on the texture, height, size of flowers, etc., they are divided into the following classes.
Varieties of roses
• There are traditional varieties of roses grown in India, which are grown in different areas of the country, many different and improved varieties have been prepared by 'hybridizing' (crossing between 2 varieties) by asking for different varieties from abroad too. Are now very popular in their country.
• Exotic varieties of roses have been sourced from Germany, Japan, France, England, USA, Ireland, New Zealand and Australia. Indian rose experts have also increased the number of rose varieties by adding newly developed 'hybrid' varieties to the native varieties. In this direction, the research work of Delhi-based Bharti Agricultural Research Institute is notable. The Indian Horticultural Research Institute in Bangalore, Bangalore has also done extensive work in the development and growth of varieties.
• When the rose plant is grown in pots just for hobbies and decoration, then the selection of varieties should also be done accordingly. If you want to cultivate roses at commercial level, then choose similar varieties. Complete information about this can be found in almost all large nurseries. If in Delhi, appropriate information can be obtained from the Department of Floriculture of Indian Agricultural Research Pusa.
• Although there are more than 20 thousand varieties of roses around the world, which are divided into various classes by experts, but there are 5 main classes of roses, which are divided according to the color, shape, aroma and usage of the flowers. Has been done, which are as follows: Hybrid Teas, Floribanda, Poliantha class, Lata class and Miniature class.
Hybrid tees category
• It is an important class of large size roses, in which the same flower blooms on the top or the top of the branch, most of the varieties of this class are derived from the 'hybrid' (cross) of 'T' roses of Europe and snatch. , Indian varieties of this class are: Dr. Homi Bhabha, Chitwan, Bhima, Chitralekha, Chandbandikali, Gulzar, Milind, Mrinalini, Raktagandha, Soma, Surbhi, Nur Jahan, Madhosh, Dr. Banjman Pal etc.
• Hybrid tea (HT), plants of this class are large, tall and fast growing. The major varieties of this class are Arjuna, Jawahar, Rajni, Raktagandha, Siddharth, Sukanya etc. Their flowers look attractive on the head of the branch. A single flower comes at the end of a branch.
• It is a class of roses developed from hybrids (hybrids) of hybrid tees and polyantha roses. Its flowers are neglected but bloom in bunches and are good in size and weight. Flowers of this class are seen more in the beds and pots of the home garden. The specialty of this variety is that its plants can be grown in less space and enough flowers can be obtained. In the cold season when other roses do not bloom, flowers of this class bloom well in all the states of North India including Delhi. The main varieties of this are: Delhi, Princess, Banjaran, Karisma, Moon, Chittachor, Deepika, Kavita, Jantantmantar, Evergreen, Lahar, Surya Kiran, Summer, Bahishta, Iceberg, Shabnam etc.
• Floribanda, its plants are of medium length, in which the flowers are also of medium size and many flowers grow on the same branch simultaneously. The number of petals in their flowers is less than that of hybrid tea flowers. The major varieties of this class are Banjaran, Amrapali, Jwala, Rangoli, Sushma etc.
It is prepared by combining both the above varieties. Flowers of this class are more preferred in vases. This class is used more for large scale farming. Gold Spot, Mantezua, Queen Elizabeth are the popular varieties of this class.
Plants of this class are preferred for planting in domestic gardens and pots. Because of these medium size flowers keep coming in more number of times in a year. The major varieties of this class are Swati, Echo, Anjani etc.
• Its plants, stripes and flowers are all small. Plants are grown by Kalams. It is suitable for growing in pots, husbands etc. It is also suitable for planting borders around the beds of the home garden. This variety of roses blooms in the season of rose flowers (October to March). They also grow separately on bunches and stems in different colors. Baby Darling, Baby Gold, Star, Green Ece, Beauty Seated, Easter Morning, Sandrillo etc. are popular varieties of this.
• Miniatures, as its name suggests, are small dwarf plants of short length. Due to their small size of leaves and flowers, they are also called baby roses. These seem small but very large in number. It is suitable to be planted in small pots in bungalows, flats etc. in big cities, but sunlight is required six to eight hours like other roses. The major varieties of this class are Dwarf King, Baby Darling, Creeky, Rose Marin, Silver Tips etc.
Climate and land for rose cultivation
Rose cultivation is done in the winter and winter months in the plains and hilly areas of North and South India. Day temperature is considered to be 25 to 30 degree centigrade and night temperature is 12 to 14 degree centigrade. Loam soil and more organic for rose cultivation. Should have a substance whose pH Values from 5.3 to 6.5 are considered appropriate.
About 6 species of roses are found. The first hybrid species that includes Crimson Glory, Mr. Lincoln, Lavazan, Afkennadi, Jawahar, President, Radhakrishnan, First Love, Pooja, Sonia, Ganga, Tata Santanari, Orchid, Super Star, American Heritage Etc. There are other types of polyantha which include Anjani, Rashmi, dancer, Preet and Swati etc. The third type of Phaloribanda such as Banjaran, Dehli Princess, Dimple , Moon, Evergreen, Sonora, Neelambari, Karishma Suryakikaran etc. I have fourth type of Gandiflora in it like Queens, Mantezuma etc. Black boy, land mark, pink meredon, merycalneal etc. are found.
Preparation of rose fields
In terms of beauty, by formal layout, the field is divided into rows and the width of the beds is 5 meters long and 2 meters wide. The half-meter space should be left between the two beds. Dug and should be left open for 15 to 20 days. Close the beds with the soil dug by putting 30 cm of dry leaves in the beds. Also, rotten manure of cow dung should be put in the bed about a month in advance, after this, the beds should be filled with water and faliadal powder or carbofuran 3g to prevent termites. Use it. After 10 to 15 days, after coming to the lips, the distance of the line from the plant and line is kept 30 times 60 centimeters in the queue in these beds. At this distance, it is easy to cut and grow flowers.
Preparing plants for cultivation of roses
• Rose is usually planted as soon as the monsoon arrives in July-August. It is grown in September-October. If the entire method and process of planting roses is adopted, this flower not only hypnotizes us with its beauty, fragrance and colors till March but also gives benefits.
• Its plant is prepared by tee budding on top of wild rose. Wild rose pen is planted in the beds in June-July at a distance of about 15 centimeters. From November to December, twigs come out in these pens, with thorns separated from them. In January, take a sprig of good quality roses, take out a T-shaped bud, and tie it on top of a wild rose and tie it tightly with polythene. Not growing leaps out if these branches are ready seedlings for transplanting I July I
• Planting of seedlings should be done in North India by September-October by carefully digging the seedlings from the nursery. While planting, note that the grass should be removed from the pindi and planted at a height of 15 cm from the ground surface. Irrigate immediately after planting. Want
Fertilizer and fertilizers required in rose farming
To get the best quality flowers, after pruning, one should apply 10 kg of dung rotten manure per plant and irrigate it. After one week of fertilization, 200 grams of neem cake is 100 grams of bone powder and chemical when new copal starts bursting. A mixture of manure should be given 50 grams per plant. The ratio of the mixture should be one ratio two ratio one means urea, super phosphate, potash.
• Irrigation management for rose should be good. Irrigation should be done after 5 to 7 days in summer and 10 to 12 days in winter as per the requirement.
• The second week of October is best for harvesting in the plains of Uttar Pradesh but there should be no rain at that time. Three to five main shoots are harvested in the plant with 30 to 40 centimeters. It should be kept in mind that where there is an eye Should be cut from 5 cm above. Cut the cut with fungicidal drugs such as copper oxychloride, carbendazim, brodomixrin or chaubatia paste. Coating loss is necessary I
• Keep the soil mixture for pots like this. Mix 2 parts farm soil, one part plenty of rotten cow dung, one part dry green leaf manure and wood powder. If possible, add some amount of bone stole as well. This leads to good growth of plants and roots.
• Remember that the plants should be maintained in the pots as they are in the beds, they are in proper weirigudai. For example, plants should be fed in full doses, have proper weeding and irrigation, protection from insect diseases, watering the potted plants periodically and harvesting should also be done. Also change the direction of the pots once a week and keep the picture of water coming out from under them properly open.
• Roses contain mahoo, termites and sulks. Immediately after the appearance of mahoo and sulks, the dye methoate should be sprayed in 1.5 ml per liter of water or monocrotophos 1 ml per liter of water. 2-3 should be irrigated for control of termites and FORT 10 G. 3 to 4 grams or 2% washed of Faliadal 10 to 15 grams per plant should be thoroughly mixed in the soil.
• Flowers should be cut when the petals of white, red, pink colored flowers begin to turn downwards. When cutting the flowers, one or two leaves should be left on the twig, so that the plants can grow. There should be no problem. While cutting the flowers, water should be kept in a vessel along with water so that the flowers can be cut and kept immediately. Water in the pot should be at least 10 centimeters. The tur must be deep so that the stems of the flowers also add preservatives to the water submerged. Flowers should be removed for grading after placing them in water for at least 3 hours. If grading is to be done late, the flowers should be 1 to 3 degree centigrade temperature. But cold storage should be maintained so that the quality of the flowers is good.
• Rose plants can be easily grown in earthen pots, which are at least 30 cm deep and equally deep. For miniature roses, 20 to 25 cm size pots are sufficient. Pots should be kept in a clean environment. As soon as new seedlings and branches start sprouting, keep them in sunlight. They must get 4-5 hours of sunlight throughout the day. Yes, 1-2 hours in hot summer sun is enough.
• Whenever the rose blooms everywhere, its beauty spreads everywhere. In February-March, the rose is at its full puberty and spring. Come, grow it in your home garden and enjoy its beauty and aroma.
Essential precautions for rose cultivation
• During the rainy season, do not let the pots and beds stay watery for too long.
• Every year, prune the plants, take out 2-3 inches of soil above the pot and fill it with the same amount of rotten manure.
• After every 2-3 years, transfer the entire plant with soil to a new pot. If desired, change the pot soil to fill the fresh mixture.
• Do this process in September-October.