Anal sweet with large fruit and thin peels is the hallmark of good chiku, so it is important to take care of its advanced varieties. Advanced varieties of Chiku are very suitable for cricket hair, Kali leaf, brown leaf, PKM.1, DSH-2 Jhumkia, etc. Cricket ball, Kalipatti, Calcutta round, Kirtibharati, Dwarapudi, Pala, PKM-1, Jonavalasa I and II, Bangalore, Vavi Valsa etc. But perennial variety is more popular in Uttarabharat.
Chiku plant is prepared from seeds and pens, bhat pens, but for commercial cultivation, the farmer should sow the top pens, and the plants prepared by the offering pens method. The best time to prepare the plant is March - April.
Transplanting of plants:-
Planting of plants is suitable in the year season. Before planting the plants, the roots must be prepared for the plants. For this, only 7 - 8 m in summer days. 90 cm by square method. Dark pits should be prepared. At the time of filling the pits, about 30 kg of well dung manure with soil, 2 kg Karanj khali and 5 - 7 kg. The stole of bone should be filled in each mattress. After sowing the plants, fill the soil with roots and make a plate.
Manure and Fertilizer Use :-
Fertilizer should be kept in the trees from time to time, so that the plants grow for 10 years. One year after planting plants 4 - 5 baskets of cow dung, 2 - 3 kg. Castor / Karanja cake and 50:25:25 g Npk Should be put in every year. This quantity should be increased for 10 years, after which 500: 250: 250 g. Npk Amount should be given every year. Special care should be taken that fertilizer and fertilizer should be used only in June and July. Do not put manure directly in the root, but for this, make a drain away from the plant and make a mixture of manure from that drain.
Irrigation is not required during the rainy season, but irrigating on 7 days in the summer season and 15 days in the winter season makes the fruits and flowers in the plants look good.
Plant maintenance and pruning:-
It is important to protect chiku plants from frost, especially during the winter season. This special care needs to be kept for 3 years after planting the plants. For this, small plants are covered with straw or thatch of grass in such a way that they are covered on three sides and the southeast direction is open to sun and light. At the time of transplanting, cut twigs on the original circle should be cut and cleaned. The tree is 1 m from the ground. Let it be made at a height. When the tree grows, then its lower branches continue to bend and finally the land starts to pick up and is covered with the top branches of the tree. Fruits are also stopped in these branches. At this stage these branches should be peeled and removed.
Flowering and function:-
After 2 years, flowers and fruits start coming to the plants prepared by the top pen and offering pen. Fruits come 2 times a year. The first from February to June and the second from October to October. It takes about four months from flowering to fruit ripening. In order to prevent fruit from falling from the chiku plants, 50 to 100 ppm of gibberlic acid at the time of flowering. Or Planophix 4 ml / l. By spraying water solution, there is an increase in function and decrease in fall.
Disease and Pest Control:-
A special feature of Chiku plants is that it reduces the outbreak of diseases and pests. In spite of this, the effect of leaf blotch and insect bites, stem baffles, leaf wraps and mealybugs etc. is seen. To control this, spray of Mancozeb 2 g / liter and Monocrotophos 1.5 ml / liter should be sprayed.
In Chiku, two years of transplanting begin to bear fruit. As the plant grows older. The yield increases. A 30 year old tree produces 25,00 to 3,000 fruits per year.